PowerPoint Presentations

I have five different presentations that will be of interest to groups interested in Canadian history. Each is approximately forty minutes long and is illustrated by contemporarydrawings, portraits, maps, and other visual materials of the time. Although my presentation fee is modest and negotiable, I must ask for payment of my travel, expenses, by car or public transit, from my home in Kingston, Ontario. For further information, please contact me by email at jeanraebaxter@cogeco.ca.

The Education of a Leader

When Joseph Brant was eighteen years old, Sir William Johnson, who was married by Mohawk rites to Joseph's sister Molly, sent him to the Moor Indian Charity School in Lebanon, Connecticut.

This school is now Dartmouth College. At the Moor School Brant took the first steps toward earning his name Thayendanegea, "One Who Places Two Bets," for his ambition was two-fold. Through courage, leadership, hard work and considerable cunning, he became renowned both as a war chief of the Mohawk Nation and as a statesman skilled in diplomacy. On one of his two missions to England of behalf of the native people, he refused to bow to King George, asserting, "I am a prince in my own land, but I will gladly shake your hand." Recognizing that education had opened all doors to him, throughout his life Brant was a champion of education for the indigenous people.

Jean Rae Baxter

Jean Rae Baxter

The Governor and His Lady

The first lieutenant governor of Upper Canada, John Graves Simcoe, and his wife Elizabeth had a rare partnership. He was a visionary whose reach sometimes exceeded his grasp, and she was a true child of the Enlightenment. This presentation tells how they met and married and how they worked together during their five years in Upper Canada. He established the Parliamentary system of government in the province and struggled to abolish slavery in Upper Canada. She left us in her book Mrs. Simcoe's Diary and in her hundreds of painting an unsurpassed record of what life was like in late 18th century Upper Canada.

Jean Rae Baxter

Jean Rae Baxter

The Way Lies North

This illustrated talk tells the story of the American War of Independence from a Canadian point of view. Covering the period from the end of the French and Indian War in 1763 to the settlement of the Loyalist refugees in what is now Canada, this presentation examines the effect of the conflict on white colonists who opposed the Revolution.

During and following the war, which lasted from 1774 until 1783, 100,000 Loyalists became refugees. This was out of a total white population of 3,000,000.

But it wasn't just white colonists who became Loyalists. The native people, especially Iroquois (Haudenosaunee) and thousands of enslaved black people who earned their freedom through their service to the British military. All these became Loyalists, too.

Freedom Bound: The Black Loyalists' Story

This presentation opens with scenes of the capture of Black people in Africa and their transportation in slave ships to America. It deals with the ending of slavery in England in 1772 and the end of the slave trade in 1807, while its main focus is the Black Loyalists who gained their freedom by helping the British military during the American Revolution. After 1785, the focus shifts to the situation of enslaved people in the country which would soon become Canada. It describes the gradual abolition of slavery in Upper Canada, the situation of former slaves in Nova Scotia, their exodus to Sierra Leone, and finally the reopening in 2014 of the Black Loyalist Heritage Society Museum in Shelburne, Nova Scotia in 2014.

Jean Rae Baxter

Jean Rae Baxter

Two Nations, One King

The subject is Britain's relationship with the native people contrasted with that of the Thirteen Colonies that were the foundation of the United States. The presentation begins with the visit of the "Four Indian Kings" to Queen Anne’s Court in the early 18th century.

The focus is on the situation of the Mohawks in the north and the Cherokees in the south. In the north, one finds warrior/statesman Joseph Brant, and his sister Molly Brant. In the south, the Cherokees are led by Peace Chief Attakulla Kulla and his defiant son Dragging Canoe. In the north, the story ends with the granting of the Haldimand Tract as a home for the Six Nations. In the south, the story ends in tragedy with the Cherokees' "Trail of Tears."